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Serbia’s NECP in public review until September 5

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Serbia is considering the possibility of adding small nuclear power plants from 2032, and the government plans to reduce emissions by 34.2% to 44.4% by 2030. In the work scenarios of the National Integrated Plan for the energy and climate, the Ministry of Mines and Energy is planning new wind and solar power plants by the end of the decade with a total capacity of 4.7 GW or 6.4 GW. The share of renewable sources in electricity production is estimated between 49% and 59%.

As part of the process of developing the Integrated National Energy-Climate Plan – INEKP, the Ministry of Mines and Energy has called on all interested parties to submit comments by September 5 on four scenarios. They include options to start connecting small modular reactors – SMRs to the grid in 2032.

The production of National Energy and Climate Plans or NECPs is an obligation under the rules of the European Union and the Energy Community to achieve the objectives of both sectors on the way to achieving carbon neutrality. mid-century here.

There is another scenario, which is not the subject of the first consultations. Namely, it was analyzed exclusively to see what would happen if Serbia adopted the EU’s general goals, including reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 55% by 2030. In the EU , each country has its own objectives. Three other scenarios are in development, according to the announcement.

Five scenarios have been published and three more are in development

The INEKP or NECP was to be produced for the period 2021 to 2030 with a vision up to 2050, but the projections now start with 2023. The purpose of the overview is to show the current status and measures needed in the areas of decarbonisation, energy efficiency, energy security, the internal energy market and research, innovation and competitiveness.

The plan must define an optimal energy mix and allow the improvement of security of supply and the reduction of energy poverty.

Up to 2.2 GW of coal-fired power generation capacity remains in 2050 only as reserve

The four scenarios cover the period up to 2030 with options for a later introduction of nuclear energy. The capacity of these sources is 400 MW in 2032, 800 MW in 2035 and 1.6 GW in 2042. Green hydrogen reaches 1% of final energy consumption by 2030.

In all scenarios, Serbia adds 680 MW of capacity from pumped storage hydropower plants in 2028 and another 600 MW two years later. As for the 2050 vision, no active coal plants are seen at that time, but 1.8 GW to 2.2 GW would be kept in reserve and used if needed.

In the version with small modular reactors, their overall capacity reaches 1.6 GW in 2042

In the four scenarios of Serbia’s NECP, the share of renewable sources in the gross final energy consumption reaches 41% to 43% and 190 MW or 200 MW of solar power plant capacity is added every year. The total is slightly over 1.5 GW.

The share in electricity production in scenarios 1, 2 and 3 is 52% to 59% in 2030. They envisage new wind capacity which will gradually increase from 340 MW per year to 1 GW in the last year, i.e. 4, 9GW in total.

The fourth scenario involves less wind power

The so-called S scenario presents a different dynamic for wind power and less added capacity: a total of 3.2 GW from 2023 to 2030, of which 86% is connected to the grid in the last three years of the period. This results in a share of renewable energy production of 49%.

Thus, the country’s NECP plans to install a total of 4.7 GW or 6.4 GW of wind and solar power over the next eight years.

As for the reduction in annual emissions compared to the level measured for 1990, it is between 34.2% and 44.4%, compared to 29% from 2020.

North Macedonia is the only Western Balkan country and Contracting Party of the Energy Community to have adopted its NECP two months ago, while Albania submitted its draft in December.



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