In the treatment of diabetes, the focus is on keeping blood sugar levels within a normal range through diet, lifestyle changes, and medications. This helps prevent long-term complications of diabetes. But sometimes when sugar levels rise in diabetics, they know how to lower sugar levels naturally.
Diabetes is a risky disease. It increases the risk of heart disease, nerve damage, kidney disease, diabetic retinopathy and non-healing wounds, etc. Depending on the individual, the doctor will monitor and work to keep blood sugar within a target range. With readily available kits for self-testing blood glucose at home, it becomes easier for patients to monitor their blood sugar levels. The doctor will advise you on how often to check your blood sugar and the ideal range in which it should be.
However, sometimes blood sugar levels can exceed the normal range for various reasons. This condition of high blood sugar is known as hyperglycemia.
The cause of high blood sugar can range from illness, to stressful situations, to overeating and, of course, forgetting medication.
Symptoms of high blood sugar include fatigue, excessive thirst, blurred vision, and increased frequency of urination. If hyperglycemia persists for a long time, the patient runs the risk of developing the health problems mentioned above.
What is diabetic ketoacidosis?
In the short term, high blood sugar can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis, more common in type 1 diabetes, or hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, a short-term complication most often associated with type 2 diabetes. Both conditions are serious.
The diabetic ketoacidosis test involves checking urine for ketones, which are chemicals produced in the liver when the body breaks down fat into energy. In diabetes, the lack of insulin leads to an inability to use sugar for energy and an overreliance on fat with a high level of ketones in the body. This can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis which requires hospitalization and can be life threatening.
Read also : Diabetes: why does blood sugar rise after meals?
How to quickly lower blood sugar levels?
Although some sources claim that drinking water or a high-protein snack can help lower your blood sugar quickly, there is not enough evidence to support this claim. You should contact your doctor immediately.
However, if you need to lower your blood sugar quickly and effectively in an emergency, you can use the following means:
1. Take your medication:
Do not miss a dose of medicine. If you have been prescribed insulin, consult your doctor about how much insulin to take. Check your blood sugar 30-60 minutes later to make sure it’s coming down and not falling too low.
Exercise is effective in lowering blood sugar levels. It can be a brisk walk. However, if you’re not exercising regularly, it’s not something you should do all of a sudden. It is crucial to check your urine for ketones and if your blood sugar level is above 240 mg/dl. Exercise should be avoided if ketones are present, as it can cause your blood sugar to rise even higher.
Incorporating a regular exercise routine into daily life can help you achieve and maintain optimal weight and increase insulin sensitivity1. The body needs glucose to function during exercise. In turn, the muscles receive glucose from the blood, and blood sugar levels generally decrease.
3. Go to the hospital
High blood sugar can quickly escalate into a medical emergency. If you have any of the symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis, such as confusion, frequent urination, excessive thirst, nausea, abdominal pain, and vomiting, check your urine for ketones (you can test for quick urine at home using a dipstick) and go to the hospital.
4. Don’t ignore the symptoms of high blood sugar
If you have two consecutive readings of 300 or more, it is always advisable to consult a doctor.
5. Be aware
There is no magic wand to lower blood sugar. It takes control and discipline. Take your medications regularly. Keep track of your blood sugar and see what’s driving it up or down. Keep a regular schedule for meals. Eat healthy and don’t overeat or skip meals. Avoid sugary drinks. Limit alcohol consumption. Stop smoking.
A healthy lifestyle will go a long way in helping your blood sugar stay under control and allow you to live a long and healthy life!